Afin d'améliorer la sécurité des voyages aux États-Unis dans le cadre du Visa Waiver Program, les exigences pour voyager sans visa se sont renforcées. Les ressortissants des pays du Visa Waiver Program continuent d'avoir le droit de voyager sans visa, mais ils devront obtenir une autorisation de voyage approuvée avant de se rendre aux États-Unis.
The Department of Homeland Security and United States Customs and Border Protection have made available a secure public website with an automated form to be completed for you or a third party to apply for a travel authorization. Once you have entered your personal, travel and payment information on this secure website, your application will be processed by the system to determine if you are eligible to travel to the United States under the Visa Waiver Program without a visa. The system will give you an automated response and before boarding, the carrier will electronically verify with United States Customs and Border Protection that you have an approved travel authorization on file with us.
An approved ESTA authorizes a passenger to board a carrier for travel to the United States under the VWP. Private carriers must be a signatory visa waiver program carrier.
CBP recommends that you apply at least 72 hours before your trip but you may apply at any time before boarding. In most cases, a response is received within seconds of submitting a request.
ESTA is not a visa. It does not meet the legal requirements to replace a U.S. visa when a visa is required. Travellers with a valid U.S. visa may travel to the United States with that visa and for the purpose stated when that visa was obtained. Travellers with a valid visa do not need to apply for an ESTA. Just as a valid visa does not guarantee admission to the United States, an approved ESTA is not a guarantee of admission to the United States.
ESTA became mandatory on 12 January 2009. VWP applicants must complete a blue customs declaration upon arrival in the United States, whether or not they have an ESTA authorization. VWP travellers no longer need to fill in the green I-94W form.Approved ESTA applications are valid for a period of two years or until the passport expires if it expires before two years and allow multiple trips to the United States without the need for the traveller to apply for a new ESTA each time. When you travel to the United States with an approved ESTA, you cannot stay more than 90 days each time and a reasonable amount of time must elapse between visits so that the CBP Officer does not think you are trying to live here. There is no time limit between each visit.
Travellers whose ESTA applications have been approved but whose passports expire in less than two years will receive an ESTA valid until the passport's expiration date.
A new ESTA authorization is required if: :
DHS recommends that you apply for ESTA authorization as soon as you know that you will be travelling to the United States under the VWP. If your ESTA expires while you are in the United States, it will not affect your departure.
Effective September 8, 2010, fees are applicable under the Travel Promotion Act of 2009 (Section 9 of the United States Capitol Police Administrative Technical Corrections Act of 2009, Pub. L. No. 111-145). The fee consists of two components: :
CBP is not responsible for any fees charged by a third party for this transaction.
Note: It is important to PRINT a copy of this document for your records. The printed version is not required upon your arrival in the United States, as agents obtain this information electronically.